If you are temporarily living in Canada, like a foreign worker, a tourist or a student you are not holding a PR status. A refugee, on the other hand becomes a PR through the Government-Assisted Refugee Program or the Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program.
As PR here are some important numbers that you should remember to keep your permanent resident status:
5 years. Most PR cards are valid for five (5) years, but there are some cards that are valid for one (1) year only. The expiry date of the PR card is is printed on the card.
9 months. It is advisable to apply to renew your PR card if it’s due to expire in less than nine (9) months or at least six (6) months before it expires.
56 Days. The current processing time (as of this post) that a new PR card is received by newly arrived immigrants is 56 days. The processing times may vary depending on the number of applications received by IRCC.
38 Days. The current processing time to renew or replace your PR card is 38 days (as of this post). The processing times may vary depending on the number of applications received by IRCC.
To check application processing time, please visit Check Application Status page of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
$50. As of this post, the processing fee for requesting a new PR card is $50.
180 days. After you arrive in Canada, your PR card will be mailed to you. However, if you did not provide your mailing address when you became a permanent resident, you have 180 days to do this. If you failed to advise CIC within 180 days your PR card will be canceled and you will need to apply for another PR card and pay the processing fee.
730 days. A PR can live outside of Canada, but must accumulate at least 730 residency days (two years) in a five-year period. If you live outside Canada for a longer period of time there’s a chance of losing your permanent resident status.
Though a Canadian permanent resident does not automatically looses his PR status, he still has responsibilities that he should always remember to ensure that he is able to keep his status. It is also the PR card holder’s responsibility to ensure that his PR card is still valid when you return from travel outside Canada.
Help Center: Permanent Residents, retrieved January 21, 2017.
Understand permanent resident status, retrieved January 21, 2017.